Write an essay discussing the reasons and solutions.
Global warming is the term used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and thereby, causing permanent climatic changes.
Since 1980, it has been observed that Earth’s mean atmospheric temperature has increased by 1.4 degrees F. This is called global warming which is responsible for disrupting the nature’s balance by generating continued heat waves, and sudden occurrence of storms and floods.
The various causes for the same are the emissions which result from burning of fossil fuels and the razing of tropical forests. These emissions are called as “green house gases” and are the major cause of global warming. Industrial revolution is largely responsible for both burning of fossil fuels as well as deforestation. Hence, it is evident that global warming has manmade causes. Various researches have reported that the global emissions increased by 3 percent in 2011 and another 2.6 percent in 2012 which is a quite high increase.
Mining for coal and oil releases methane in the atmosphere. Methane is also one of the green house gases in addition to water vapour, carbon dioxide, chloro fluoro carbons and nitrous oxides. When deforestation takes place, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases, thereby, increasing the green house effect. The nitrous oxide from fertilizers, gases used for refrigeration and industrial processes are other factors causing Global Warming.
Unpredictable climatic changes happen due to global warming causing droughts in one area and floods in another. CFC which are present in our deodorants and perfumes are known to react with the ozone layer and deplete it, thereby causing global warming. Hence, it is very essential that there use should be banned in addition to other actions that must be taken to prevent global warming.
Recycling disposable products, planting trees, spreading awareness , using paper bags instead of plastic bags, conserving electricity for example by using CFL lights instead of the normal bulbs are some of the easy ways which can help to reduce global warming and it’s harmful impacts.
Understanding the urgency in the need to reduce global warming, Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan on December 11, 1997 and came into force on February 16, 2005.
It basically commits industrialized countries to stabilize green house gas emissions by setting binding emission reduction targets on 37 industrialised countries which are majorly responsible for the emission of green house gases.