Power Corrupts A Person
Power means influencing others against their wills. Controlling others, ruling over others, making others comply with one’s desires or wishes – all these acts are inherently pleasurable. Therefore, a man who acquires power wants to become more and more powerful to maximize his pleasure by making offers instruments as well his will. Power debases ordinarily simple and noble persons. Even saints and sages are not immune to the corrupting influence of power.
Petty government officers are corrupted by power over their clients. Simple officers become dishonest when they acquire power of patronage and discretion in distribution of money or grant of permit or license to citizens. Their corruption begins when they start accepting innocuous gifts from clients. Gradually they start accepting costly gifts. The most powerful bureaucrats even accept gifts of plots in return for favoring the clients in a big way.
Recent Hawala Scandal in India which has come to light shows the depths of immorality and dishonesty to which the top politicians of the country have fallen. Central Bureau of Investigations has charge-sheeted former Union Ministers and renowned leaders of opposition for obtaining lakhs of rupees from a capitalist. Had these politicians not been in powerful position neither the person would have offered them money nor the politicians would have nursed the desire for getting rupees.
True democracy is not compatible with unrestricted power. An alert citizenry is the only safeguards against misuse of power. Press can play a useful role in exposing the murky doing of the powerful. A strong judiciary can bring the misuse of power to book.
Education system should be so oriented as to inculcate the spirit of co-operation and sympathy and eliminate authoritarian tendencies among the students. Because, SELF-RESTRAINT is the best remedy to kill the animal of corrupting-power.
A great city is the school for studying life
This maxim tells us that a big city where one can see all goods and evils, beauties and charms at the same time, is the appropriate school for a person who can know a lot of information that surround him and learn all the aspects of life. A person, though he is ignorant, can come to know all virtues and vices by going through a big city.
A great city is the centre of commerce and industry. There live different types of people the rich and the poor, the rough and the gentle, the proud and the humble, the innocent and the deceitful and so on. There are multi-storied buildings on one side and slums on the other side. Moreover industrial civilization is developing in big cities nowadays. In big cities we can see beautiful bungalows, cinema halls, picnic spots, schools, colleges, five star hotels, hospitals, universities and etc. A big city represents each and every aspect of modem civilization. From these people one can learn art and music, literature and architecture too. In big cities, there are ample possibilities for employment and so. No one can be idle in a big city without a job. One can get a job suitable to his ability and taste and so and one can lead a pleasant life. In big cities there are well equipped schools from where one can get a high-class education of his interest.
In big cities we find doctors, lawyers, teachers, businessmen, philosophers, artistes and so forth. Also we find people who come from different states having different customs. As one has a chance to move with people having different culture, one shall be able to acquire a good and wide knowledge of life. A great city is such a school where one can learn all aspects of life.
It is evident that the life in a great city provides a scope for a person to study life in all aspects. It is said that home is the first and foremost school for a child. In the similar manner a man can learn the virtues and vices, the goods and the evils by knowing the things that surround him in a big city as it has various facets of life.
Meeting all sorts of people and doing odd jobs will enhance one’s capabilities and increase one’s chance of success. Moreover, living in a cosmopolitan city will give a sense of satisfaction which one can not get anywhere else.
Need for Forest Conservation
Forests are gift of nature. Their beauty and grandeur has always fascinated man. The forest greenery has filled our hearts with great pleasure. The forests are eternal source of peace and vital energy. They have occupied important place in India’s cultural life and literature. Great sages have sought solace in the lap of forests and proclaimed them as protector and preserver of human beings.
Forests are useful to man. They control temperature, bring rain, prevent soil erosion, improve soil fertility, provide compost and medicinal herbs and valuable timber and fuel. They provide fodder to cattle. They are habitat of the wild life and inexhaustible source of energy. They are an important part of our ecological system.
The main objective of the forestry programme during the plan period has been the conservation of existing forests and the launching of country wide afforestation and social forestry programme. The forest policy has been intended to fulfil three sets of needs.
1. ecological security
2. fuel, fodder and domestic needs of the population
3. needs of village, small scale and large scale industries.
Forests are at present considered as revenue utilizing assets in States. This leads to many undesirable practices resulting in over exploitation. To ensure effective protection and improvement of environment. the diversion of forest should be adequately strengthened.
Degradation of forests will be disastrous to ecological environment and to mankind. And therefore, the problem must be tackled on priority basis.