Social work as a career
To choose social work as a career, a man or woman must have one over-powering desire which is to serve mankind. This idea of service stems originally from nineteenth century England when many enlightened people, Octavia Hall, Elizabeth Fry and Florence Nightingale among them, left their own comfortable homes and worked in different capacities with the poverty-stricken, often sick and very large population of London. By doing this, they believed that they could greatly improve the lives and lot of these poor people. These early social workers were neither trained nor paid.
Today, although the desire to serve must still be paramount, the ret is very different. All paid forms of social work both in the Far East, in America and in Europe demand some kind of training and the social worker today is a highly skilled individual. Firstly, a diploma in the social sciences or a University degree in Sociology or another allied subject is required. Both the diploma and the degree include studies of Economics, Philosophy and Psychology, all of which are subjects dealing with people and society. ‘Sociology’ means the science of society. After this two or three year course, a further year’s practical training is required. The prospective Hospital Almoner, Housing Officer, Probation Officer or Child Care Officer will have to spend a year in a hospital or an office, during which time, he will receive little or no pay. He has, during this practical training to master the routine of the office. Very often, a social worker has a shorthand/typing or clerical qualifications as well, since this is relevant to his work.
He will also be required to ‘listen to’ and to observe interviews; to learn to elicit the right information and to present it in logical and acceptable form. Visiting is an important art of the practical training, for the whole of a social worker’s life is spent dealing with and ‘handling’ people. Such visits are highly trained and skilled procedures. It is not a question of ‘dropping in for tea.’ The people to be visited are often hostile, sometimes illiterate and usually inarticulate. To deal with them, to guide and sometimes to lead from wrong paths to right ones is not easy and the social worker must be highly trained in the art of dealing with people, before he can accomplish anything. At the end of this practical year, there is a written examination which is geared to the practical side of social work rather than to the theoretical. A knowledge or Rent Acts, of Landlord and Tenant relationships, even of drainage systems are things, a Housing Officer is expected to know.
A Hospital Almoner must have mastered the theory of National Health and of Hospital routines. legal procedure and the law are important in all social work and therefore, a study of the relevant law is required. After he has passed this final practical test, then the social worker is fully trained and qualified.
Both in Europe and the Far East, the Social Services are undertaken by a Government department. In England, most Social Services are under the Home Office or the Ministry of Health. In Singapore, the Department of Social welfare takes charge of them. This department is primarily responsible for administering the Publi Assistance scheme. It is also responsible for the T.B. Treatment allowance scheme. In addition, it provides children’s centers, homes for children and young people and homes for the very old as well. It is responsible for the supervision and after care of adult offenders and juvenile delinquents; the protection and care of children and girls, the prevention of drug trafficking; housing and emergency relief for victims of flood, fire and similar services.
The opportunities for a social worker are many and varied, but in whatever branch he chooses, he will always be working with people — with the sick, the old, the child, the delinquent or the unhappy and with all of them, he must show patience, understanding, love and desire to help. His rewards will be materially small, for on the whole, the social worker is not well paid. His real reward comes from knowing that he has helped people to find the right road through life and to live a more contented and balanced life.
Important qualities of a good son or daughter
Both sons and daughter are a blessing for the parents. It is a fact that the strongest and the most sincere love exists in the relation of the parents and their children.
No child is born good or bad, it is the qualities he adopts with the passage of time that make him stand good or bad. A good son or a good daughter would be obedient to his parents. It is a religious obligation, a social norm and an indication of refined behaviors and a peaceful family set up for the children to be obedient to their parents.
Such a son or daughter would be dutiful. He would know his duties as regards his parents and would always try to fulfill those in time. In the age when a son or daughter can earn; they would earn and instead of taking money from their parents they will try to give them money. This will make them feel proud and think that they are getting back for what they had spent on their children.
Not only this good son or a good daughter would be caring towards his/her parents. It is a fact that as children grow to their youth, parents start their journey of old age. And in the old age they demand as much care and attention as children need when they are very young. It is obligatory for the children to remain caring, dutiful and pleasant to their parents and make them feel as part of family. It is often seen that children start feeling that their parents in the old age are no more than a burden. This is a very wrong attitude and in my religion this is strongly condemned. Instead it is advised that when in the old age, parents should be taken care of by the children as children were taken care of in their early age.
A good son or daughter would look after all the needs of his / her parents. And by no action of his/her will make them feel as if he/she are fed up of them. Also they will be respectful to their parents and would always give thought to their suggestions and would always try to act upon those. Since the advices given by the parents are the result of their experiences which children in their arrogance often ignore. They should think that there is no alternate to the experience and parents would never give a bad opinion to their children.
It is a pity that with the passage of time the children don’t give the parents their due rights nor do they look after them in the right manner. This situation has resulted in the formation of many old houses where old parents are trying to pass the remaining days of their lives, they can not enjoys the j o y s of their children because their children don’t want to keep them with because of their busy schedules.
Islam lays a great importance on the respect of parents. Islam says that Heaven lies under the feet of one’s mother. Like wise there is a great status of father in ISlam too and one is asked to act upon the advices of their parents always unless they order him to change his religion.
In our culture too, we see that with the passage of time the children have developed the habits of not obeying their parents. This has with the passage of time played a vital role in weakening the family bonds.
The unit of any society is a home in the very basic perspective. When the basics would not be strong how can the building be strong which is developed on those basics. This is the very same situation in modern societies, the family bonds are not that strong as they used to be resulting in the weakness in the society as a whole and a frustrated youth which can not play its part productively towards national growth.
Why should forest be saved?
Have you ever stopped other people when they were chopping down the trees? Have you ever felt painful when you saw a large piece of forests were burning down by the fire from the television? Have you ever shouted to those people when they were using woods to build their house? Maybe you have not. Just because human beings have not paid enough attention to those events, many parts of the world are losing the most important natural resources—forests. I strongly feel that it is important to save forests on the Earth. In the following discussion, I will reason and provide evidence to support my point of view.
In the first place, the most important reason to support my viewpoint is that the forest is the heart of the Earth. Just like the heart of a human being that contributes to all of the circulations in a person, the Earth needs its heart to keep working. Everyday, forests take in the carbon dioxide, and by combining with the water, they produce the basic sugar ~glucose~for other living creatures and also release the most important gas to the Earth’s atmosphere-oxygen. Without food, a person can remain alive for 5-10 days; without water, a person can survive for 1 – 2 days; but without oxygen, no body can keep alive after 10 minutes. When people are destroying the forests, they are trying to ruin their own lives.
In the second place, forests are the significant resources to hold the soil. The roots of the trees stretch into the Earth and tightly grab the soil. However, after losing the forests, during rain time, the soil will be easily brought down. For example, because of the expansion of the city, a large piece of forest was destroyed in the rural area near my hometown. One day, one of my old friends went to that place to do a research. However, just as the bus arrived to the foot of a hill on which the entire forest had just been brought down, suddenly, it was starting to rain. The water brought down a large amount of soil and rushed down with unimaginable speed. Without a time for the bus driver to react, the bus was covered under the mud. The mud not only destroyed the bus, but also killed all the people in it. I cried when I heard the news, but no tears could bring my friend’s life back.
To sum up, forests are the important natural resources for our human beings to preserve. In order to live a better life, every person needs to take care of the environment.