Why should forest be saved?
Have you ever stopped other people when they were chopping down the trees? Have you ever felt painful when you saw a large piece of forests were burning down by the fire from the television? Have you ever shouted to those people when they were using woods to build their house? Maybe you have not. Just because human beings have not paid enough attention to those events, many parts of the world are losing the most important natural resources—forests. I strongly feel that it is important to save forests on the Earth. In the following discussion, I will reason and provide evidence to support my point of view.
In the first place, the most important reason to support my viewpoint is that the forest is the heart of the Earth. Just like the heart of a human being that contributes to all of the circulations in a person, the Earth needs its heart to keep working. Everyday, forests take in the carbon dioxide, and by combining with the water, they produce the basic sugar ~glucose~for other living creatures and also release the most important gas to the Earth’s atmosphere-oxygen. Without food, a person can remain alive for 5-10 days; without water, a person can survive for 1 – 2 days; but without oxygen, no body can keep alive after 10 minutes. When people are destroying the forests, they are trying to ruin their own lives.
In the second place, forests are the significant resources to hold the soil. The roots of the trees stretch into the Earth and tightly grab the soil. However, after losing the forests, during rain time, the soil will be easily brought down. For example, because of the expansion of the city, a large piece of forest was destroyed in the rural area near my hometown. One day, one of my old friends went to that place to do a research. However, just as the bus arrived to the foot of a hill on which the entire forest had just been brought down, suddenly, it was starting to rain. The water brought down a large amount of soil and rushed down with unimaginable speed. Without a time for the bus driver to react, the bus was covered under the mud. The mud not only destroyed the bus, but also killed all the people in it. I cried when I heard the news, but no tears could bring my friend’s life back.
To sum up, forests are the important natural resources for our human beings to preserve. In order to live a better life, every person needs to take care of the environment.
Social work as a career
To choose social work as a career, a man or woman must have one over-powering desire which is to serve mankind. This idea of service stems originally from nineteenth century England when many enlightened people, Octavia Hall, Elizabeth Fry and Florence Nightingale among them, left their own comfortable homes and worked in different capacities with the poverty-stricken, often sick and very large population of London. By doing this, they believed that they could greatly improve the lives and lot of these poor people. These early social workers were neither trained nor paid.
Today, although the desire to serve must still be paramount, the ret is very different. All paid forms of social work both in the Far East, in America and in Europe demand some kind of training and the social worker today is a highly skilled individual. Firstly, a diploma in the social sciences or a University degree in Sociology or another allied subject is required. Both the diploma and the degree include studies of Economics, Philosophy and Psychology, all of which are subjects dealing with people and society. ‘Sociology’ means the science of society. After this two or three year course, a further year’s practical training is required. The prospective Hospital Almoner, Housing Officer, Probation Officer or Child Care Officer will have to spend a year in a hospital or an office, during which time, he will receive little or no pay. He has, during this practical training to master the routine of the office. Very often, a social worker has a shorthand/typing or clerical qualifications as well, since this is relevant to his work.
He will also be required to ‘listen to’ and to observe interviews; to learn to elicit the right information and to present it in logical and acceptable form. Visiting is an important art of the practical training, for the whole of a social worker’s life is spent dealing with and ‘handling’ people. Such visits are highly trained and skilled procedures. It is not a question of ‘dropping in for tea.’ The people to be visited are often hostile, sometimes illiterate and usually inarticulate. To deal with them, to guide and sometimes to lead from wrong paths to right ones is not easy and the social worker must be highly trained in the art of dealing with people, before he can accomplish anything. At the end of this practical year, there is a written examination which is geared to the practical side of social work rather than to the theoretical. A knowledge or Rent Acts, of Landlord and Tenant relationships, even of drainage systems are things, a Housing Officer is expected to know.
A Hospital Almoner must have mastered the theory of National Health and of Hospital routines. legal procedure and the law are important in all social work and therefore, a study of the relevant law is required. After he has passed this final practical test, then the social worker is fully trained and qualified.
Both in Europe and the Far East, the Social Services are undertaken by a Government department. In England, most Social Services are under the Home Office or the Ministry of Health. In Singapore, the Department of Social welfare takes charge of them. This department is primarily responsible for administering the Publi Assistance scheme. It is also responsible for the T.B. Treatment allowance scheme. In addition, it provides children’s centers, homes for children and young people and homes for the very old as well. It is responsible for the supervision and after care of adult offenders and juvenile delinquents; the protection and care of children and girls, the prevention of drug trafficking; housing and emergency relief for victims of flood, fire and similar services.
The opportunities for a social worker are many and varied, but in whatever branch he chooses, he will always be working with people — with the sick, the old, the child, the delinquent or the unhappy and with all of them, he must show patience, understanding, love and desire to help. His rewards will be materially small, for on the whole, the social worker is not well paid. His real reward comes from knowing that he has helped people to find the right road through life and to live a more contented and balanced life.
Prosperity Make Friends-Adversity Tries Them
When somebody prospers, many people get attracted to him. They will act as his well-wishers and friends with the selfish aim of sharing his wealth. But if some misfortune befalls him, all those people who had till then acted as his friends will desert him. Such selfish people are not true friends. A real friend will stand by him in times of joy as well as sorrow. He will never leave a person if some misfortune strikes him. Instead, he will try to help the unfortunate man as much as possible. Riches and prosperity attract people just like a magnet attracts iron finings. They will flock and cling to the person who has wealth. They will offer all sorts of false promises to him. Such friends will say that they are ready to give him as much money as he might need knowing that a wealthy man will never be in need of borrowed money. Even if they lend him money, they are sure that they will get back. A foolish man who is rich will take these selfish people for real friends. But real friends can only be recognized in times of adversity. His sincerity will reveal itself in such a time. Such a friend is invaluable. Unfortunately it is difficult to test a man whether he is sincere or not, unless such a time comes. So we should be careful in selecting friends. We should never rely on them too much. Prosperity is something that creates friends. Only adversity can test their sincerity.